er and October of 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping raised the initiative of jointly building the Silk Road Eco

omic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (hereinafter referred to as the Belt and Road, or B&R). The Chine

se government then set up the Leading Group for Promoting the Belt and Road Initiative with an admini

strative office under the National Development and Reform Commission. In March 2015, the Chinese government publis

hed the “Vision and Actions on Jointly Building Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road”. In May

2017, the first Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was convened in Beijing. China also hosted the Bo

ao Forum for Asia annual conferences, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Qingdao Summit, the 2018

Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), and the China International Import Expo. Over

the past five years, the Belt and Road Initiative has won positive responses from numerous countries and intern

ational organizations and has attracted worldwide attention. Its influence is growing.

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